When can we deduct from an exempt employee's pay?
Answer from Eric, SPHR, SHRM-SCP: In general, if an exempt employee performs any work during the workweek, you must pay them their full salary amount. Deductions are allowed, however, for legally required withholding and benefit elections.
There are a handful of other situations in which a deduction from an exempt employee's salary would be permissible under federal law:
For any workweek in which the employee performs absolutely no work
In the initial or final week of employment based on the number of hours actually worked
For absences of one or more full days for personal reasons other than sickness or disability
For absences of one or more full days due to sickness or disability, if the deduction is made in accordance with a bona fide paid sick leave plan (the Department of Labor has previously found that a plan that offered at least 5 paid days off for sickness qualified as bona fide)
To offset amounts the employee receives from jury or witness fees or for military pay
For penalties imposed in good faith for infractions of safety rules of major significance, in accordance with a clearly established workplace policy
For unpaid disciplinary suspensions of one or more full days imposed in good faith for workplace conduct rule infractions
For leave taken under the Family and Medical Leave Act
If none of these situations apply, an exempt employee must receive the full salary for any week in which they perform any work, regardless of the number of days or hours worked. In addition, some states do not allow all of these deductions.