Answer from Kelley, PHR: The current EEO-1 form only provides a male or female option, but there is comment box you can use to report data for non-binary employees by job category and race/ethnicity. The comment box appears on the certification page in the EEO-1 Component 1 Online Filing System.
The EEOC asks that you preface this data with the phrase, “Additional Employee Data.” For example, to report a non-binary white administrative assistant, you would type, “Additional Employee Data: 1 non-binary gender employee in Job Category Administrative Support Workers; Race/Ethnicity: White (Not Hispanic or Latino).”
In the future, the EEOC may add an option for easily reporting non-binary employees. We hope that they do.